Vol. 147, No. 14 — July 3, 2013
SOR/2013-142 June 20, 2013
NAVIGABLE WATERS PROTECTION ACT
Proclamation Exempting the Waters of Lake Pignac and Lake B from the Operation of Section 22 of the Act
ELIZABETH THE SECOND, by the Grace of God of the United Kingdom, Canada and Her other Realms and Territories QUEEN, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith.
TO ALL TO WHOM these Presents shall come or whom the same may in any way concern,
Deputy Attorney General
Whereas section 23 of the Navigable Waters Protection Act provides that when it is shown to the satisfaction of the Governor in Council that the public interest would not be injuriously affected thereby, the Governor in Council may, by proclamation, declare any rivers, streams or waters in respect of which section 22 of that Act applies, or any parts thereof, exempt in whole or in part from the operation of that section;
Whereas the Governor in Council is satisfied that the public interest would not be injuriously affected by exempting Lake Pignac and Lake B, located in Quebec, from the operation of section 22 of the Navigable Waters Protection Act;
And whereas, by Order in Council P.C. 2013-615 of May 30, 2013, the Governor in Council directed that a proclamation do issue declaring that Lake Pignac and Lake B, located in Quebec, are exempt from the operation of section 22 of the Navigable Waters Protection Act;
Now know you that We, by and with the advice of Our Privy Council for Canada, do by this Our proclamation direct that Lake Pignac and Lake B, located in Quebec, are exempt from the operation of section 22 of the Navigable Waters Protection Act.
Of all which Our Loving Subjects and all others whom these presents may concern are required to take notice and to govern themselves accordingly.
In testimony whereof, We have caused this Our proclamation to be published and the Great Seal of Canada to be hereunto affixed. WITNESS: Our Right Trusty and Well-beloved David Johnston, Chancellor and Principal Companion of Our Order of Canada, Chancellor and Commander of Our Order of Military Merit, Chancellor and Commander of Our Order of Merit of the Police Forces, Governor General and Commander-in-Chief of Canada.
AT OUR GOVERNMENT HOUSE, in Our City of Ottawa, this seventeenth day of June in the year of Our Lord two thousand and thirteen and in the sixty-second year of Our Reign.
Deputy Registrar General of Canada
GOD SAVE THE QUEEN
REGULATORY IMPACT ANALYSIS STATEMENT
(This statement is not part of the Proclamation.)
The Navigable Waters Protection Act (NWPA) protects the public right of navigation. It ensures that works constructed in navigable waterways are reviewed and regulated to minimize the overall impact on navigation.
The NWPA also prohibits the dumping of materials into any navigable waterway, unless it is shown to the satisfaction of the Governor in Council that the public interest would not be injuriously affected by that activity.
Cliffs Natural Resources Inc. is developing and operating an iron mine in the Lake Bloom area near Fermont, Quebec. This project involves creating two waste rock piles, which requires completely filling in two lakes, Lake Pignac and Lake B. Section 22 of the NWPA prohibits the dumping of material into a navigable waterway in order to protect the public right of navigation.
Due to the proximity of these lakes to the pit, the lakes must be filled in for safety reasons and to prevent water from flowing into the pit. Besides water flow into the pit, if these watercourses were to remain in place, blasting could damage the thin layer of rock separating the lakes from the pit and the risks of slumping would increase. The Order-in-Council and Proclamation will result in the loss of the public right to navigate on Lake Pignac and Lake B, but would lessen the risk of slumping.
Section 22 of the NWPA prohibits the dumping of materials into any navigable waterway unless it is shown to the satisfaction of the Governor in Council that the public interest would not be injuriously affected by that activity, which is subsequently authorized by proclamation.
In this instance, a proclamation is required in order to declare Lake Pignac and Lake B exempt from the application of section 22 of the NWPA. This will allow for the deposit of waste rock piles in Lake Pignac and Lake B.
The purpose of this proposal is to have the waters of Lake Pignac and Lake B declared, by proclamation, exempt from the application of section 22 of the NWPA. Once a proclamation is issued, Cliffs Natural Resources Inc. will have the authorization required for certain aspects of the project. Specifically, this will include the deposit of waste rock piles in Lake Pignac and Lake B.
Given that the two watercourses have the potential for small craft boating and that filling in the two lakes will eliminate all potential for navigation, the applicable provisions of the NWPA had to be considered. Due to the low potential of using these bodies of water for navigation purposes, Transport Canada’s (TC) Navigable Waters Protection Program (NWPP) has determined that filling in the lakes is an acceptable course of action that will not injuriously affect the public interest.
In accordance with section 23 of the NWPA, this proposal will declare Lake Pignac and Lake B exempt from the application of section 22 of the NWPA.
Specifically, an order-in-council, pursuant to section 23 of the NWPA, directed that a proclamation be issued declaring that the waters of Lake Pignac and Lake B, located in Quebec, be exempted from the operation of section 22 of the NWPA, which prohibits the dumping of material into a navigable waterway. As a result, this will enable the deposit of two water rock piles which will completely fill in the two lakes.
Regulatory and non-regulatory options considered
According to a report by Consolidated Thompson Iron Mines Limited (now Cliffs Natural Resources Inc.) dated March 18, 2010, mine site development is near final completion and production has already begun. The first shipments of ore from the port of Sept-Îles commenced in May 2010. As of December 31, 2009, a total of $463 million had been spent on the development of the Lake Bloom mine.
The proponent reviewed its mining project and researched other alternatives and has determined that they would face significant negative economic impacts if an order-in-council under section 23 of the NWPA were not considered and a proclamation were not issued.
Benefits and costs
This mining project will have significant positive economic impacts for local residents and for all Canadians. This project is located in an isolated region where the entire population’s livelihood is linked to the direct or indirect benefits of mining.
The new mine will generate jobs and long-term benefits for the entire region. The project represents an overall investment of approximately $500 million. Approximately 400 jobs will be created by construction activities and approximately 250 direct jobs will be created during mine operation. Local and regional labour, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal, will have the chance to contribute to the project.
An analysis by TC has determined that the navigation potential of Lake Pignac (800 × 430 m) and Lake B (500 × 330 m) is very low given their small size and that access for public navigation is difficult due to geographical limitations. These two watercourses are located at the top of a watershed and are not part of any navigable waterway network.
The potential impacts on navigation of filling in Lake Pignac and Lake B with two waste rock piles were evaluated pursuant to the NWPA during the analysis and consultation phases of the project as a whole. Further to the detailed review and analysis of the project undertaken by TC, TC determined that filling in Lake Pignac and Lake B would be acceptable given the low potential of using these water bodies for navigation.
During the approval process for the mining project, the proponent published notices pursuant to the NWPA, and tabled documents on the project as a whole for the purpose of public consultation. Transport Canada did not receive any comments concerning the possible impacts on navigation.
The notice of the proposed Order-in-Council and Proclamation was published in the Canada Gazette, Part I, on December 22, 2012, followed by a 30-day public comment period. No comments were received.
Consultation with Aboriginal communities
This mining project is located on land that is the subject of tripartite land claim negotiations between federal and provincial governments as well as the Ashuanipi Corporation which, since summer 2006, has represented the communities of Innu Takuaikan Uashat Mak Mani-Utenam (ITUM) and Matimekush-Lac John. Furthermore, some Innu families in Uashat-Maliotenam have trapping land in the sector that will be affected by the proposed mining work. These two communities were contacted on various occasions by responsible authorities, and ITUM representatives were consulted twice to inform them of the federal environmental assessment process undertaken in accordance with the previous Canadian Environmental Assessment Act and to give them the opportunity to express concerns and expectations with regard to federal regulatory responsibilities. These communities also participated in public hearings held by the Quebec government as part of the Quebec procedure of the Bureau d’audiences publiques sur l’environnement (BAPE).
This project is not expected to significantly affect the traditional land usage by the Innu. Moreover, access to the land is unlikely to be compromised for Innu users. However, a portion of the trapping land will be lost. As compensation, an Impact and Benefit Agreement (IBA) was signed between ITUM and the proponent. This IBA includes provisions specifying that families whose trapping lands are disturbed will be compensated. Moreover, based on the information provided by the proponent and ITUM, representatives of the Uashat-Maliotenam Innu community will participate in the proponent’s proposed monitoring programs pursuant to the terms and conditions of the IBA.
The “One-for-One” Rule does not apply to this proposal.
Small business lens
The small business lens does not apply to this proposal.
As a result of a detailed review and analysis of this proposal, TC has determined that the public interest will not be injuriously affected by the deposit of waste rock piles into Lake Pignac and Lake B.
On October 9, 2008, in addition to the application for an order-in-council under section 23 of the NWPA, TC issued approvals pursuant to subsection 5(1) to build two embankments, as well as approvals pursuant to subsection 5(2) to build two inlets.
Fisheries and Oceans Canada has issued its required authorizations pursuant to the Fisheries Act.
Natural Resources Canada confirmed that this mining project in the Lake Bloom sector does not require a specific regulatory approval with regard to the manufacturing safety and disposal of explosives.
Environment Canada confirmed that this mining project in the Lake Bloom sector does not require a specific regulatory approval with regard to the Metal Mining Effluent Regulations made under the Fisheries Act.
Through BAPE, the Quebec government appointed a commission to review and to hold public hearings on all impacts of this project. The commission’s report shows that the project is acceptable.
Further to the investigation and public hearing report, the Quebec government issued Order 137-2008 regarding the issuance of an authorization certificate to Consolidated Thompson Iron Mines Limited for the iron mine project in the Lake Bloom sector on the land owned by the Municipality of Fermont.
Therefore, the issuance of an exemption pursuant to section 23 of the NWPA is consistent with other required authorizations already issued for this mining project.
Implementation, enforcement and service standards
The Proclamation declared the waters of Lake Pignac and Lake B exempt from the operation of section 22 of the NWPA, and therefore, it removed the right to public navigation. In this instance, there will be no additional regulatory requirements under the NWPA and no future regulatory requirements for the Lake Bloom area under the NWPP and the NWPA.
Navigable Waters Protection Program
Marine Safety and Security
401–1550 Estimauville Avenue